The elements of design are the fundamental building blocks used in visual design. These elements include:
- Line: A line is a path that a moving point follows. Lines might be thick, thin, curved, straight, etc.
- Shape: A two-dimensional region bounded by lines or curves is referred to as a shape. Shapes might be organic or geometric (such as circles and squares) (e.g. freeform).
- Form: Form is an object's three-dimensional quality. Shape manipulation or the use of light and shadow can both be used to generate form.
- Color: The way a thing reflects or absorbs light determines its visual quality, or color.
- Value: Value refers to a color's lightness or blackness.
- Texture: The tactile nature of a surface is its texture. Texture can be inferred or actual (such as rough or smooth) (e.g. through the use of patterns or shading).
- Space: Space is the area or distance between, inside, or between elements.
These design components can be combined to provide effective and visually pleasing visual designs.